WHAT IS AN EMERALD?
Emerald is one stone that in popularity comes right after Diamonds. With its vibrant green color, emeralds have been around since 1500 BC and the first ones known to man have been mined in Egypt. The Emerald comes from a beryl mineral family, which comes in rich and distinctly green color. It is no wonder that the beauty of this stone captivated people around the globe. What sets the price of the Emerald alongside its clarity, cut and carat weight is its color. Once the gemstone has been evaluated on the 4 C's criteria, a final grade is given to the gem. The final grade falls on a scale of AAA – D, with AAA being near perfect and D being a poor quality gemstone.The most vivid green colored Emeralds with no inclusions usually have the highest price.
There are, of course, may shades in between, but as a rough estimation, this scale will serve its purpose. Tone is simply the lightness or darkness of the gemstone. According to the GIA tone scale, tone runs from 0 (white or colorless) to 10 (black). Fine emeralds tend to fall between 2 and 8. Note that darker does not mean better. Rich color is the darkest one should look for in emeralds. The finest gemstones are based on taste and generally range from medium, medium rich, to rich color.
In colored stones, transparency and clarity are closely linked. This is especially true for emeralds. The trade generally accepts eye-visible inclusions in higher-quality emeralds. But when the inclusions have a negative effect on transparency and clarity, they also dramatically reduce value. Even if the official grade for the clarity of emeralds is as follows below in the picture below, usually it is used the diamonds clarity scale. Obviously, the higher the grade-AAA, higher the quality and price.
Emeralds are the Birthstone for May, but are also known as the stone of the zodiac sign Cancer. Throughout history, the Emerald stone was a symbol of truth and love, for Incans this stone represented eternal life. It is no wonder that to this day we often connect the Emerald to spring and its awakening making it the stone of new beginnings and faithful love. All the reasons to choose this beautiful stone to be a part of meaningful jewelry like a promise ring or an engagement ring. It is also the perfect stone for the wanderers at heart, the explorers and the ones interested in the inner world and meditation.
WHERE DO EMERALDS COME FROM?
Emeralds can be found in several places across the world, but most of them are mined in Colombia, Brazil, Zambia and some mines can be found in Pakistan, Afghanistan as well as Russia and the States). The highest valued Emeralds are the ones mined in Colombia, where the stones have the highest presence of chromium, which gives the Emerald that rich green color. Our Emeralds come from all around the world, mostly from Pakistan and Zambia, but also from Brazil.
ONE OF A KIND
When it comes to gemstones, it is impossible to find two that are alike, and same goes for Emeralds. Though we always find similar stones, each one is unique in its depth of color and clarity - some have inclusions and some have none and are quite transparent bringing its value much higher. Various inclusions can form naturally within an emerald. Each inclusion has a different appearance and affects the value of the emerald in different ways. Inclusions can typically be seen with the naked eye and all inclusions can be seen with a 10x microscope. The same type of inclusion can be found in a variety of other stones including diamonds.
Fissures: Also called feathers, fissures are very commonly seen in natural emeralds. Unless fissures are found in a large number within the gemstone, they do not detract significantly from the look of the gemstone. These inclusions can look like lines or fractures within the emerald
Cavities & Chips: These are the outline of a crystal shape within the emerald. The crystal is not actually present but has left a small cavity within the emerald.
Growth Tubes: These are tubes that run parallel to one another within the structure of the emerald
Spiral: This twisting inclusions is formed when drops of water are trapped during the formation of an emerald within the gem.
Fingerprints: This natural shape resembles the look of a finger print and is formed by liquid filled bubbles in the emerald during formation.
Color Zoning: Most emeralds are primarily green but do have other secondary colors such as blue and yellow. Uneven colors is when the color does not look uniform across the surface of the emerald. Inclusions can often cause color zoning making portions of the emerald look white or transparent. Color zoning is also something impacted by the cutting of the emerald. Cutters try to preserve the green hue and tone to make the color even.
ALL THE MANY SHAPES
At Capucinne we love to play with shapes and cuts, making the most of every gemstone. Emerald is no exception - one of the most popular shapes of this gemstone is the emerald cut, which is - you guessed it - named after this stone. But the Emerald is also beautiful and captivating when it’s pear cut, round or baguette. Put this stone in any cut, because of its rich color it will immediately demand attention.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR EMERALD JEWELRY?
Avoid using harsh cleaning treatments such as ultrasonic cleaners and steamers or chemicals for Emeralds. The best method of cleaning an Emerald is to use warm soapy water and a soft brush or cloth. Make sure your Emerald jewelry is completely dry before wearing or storing. It is preferable to store Emerald in a velveteen bag.